Course Reserves Copyright Policy

The Barber Library's Course Reserves Service provides students with readings and other materials that support the instructional requirements of specific courses in compliance with Section 107 of the Copyright Act on Fair Use. According to Section 107:

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include

  1. the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

The four factors above are used by the courts to determine Fair Use and indicate that photocopying is generally permissible for works that are used for educational purposes; that are unpublished or factual or descriptive in nature; that are small parts or noncritical parts of a complete work; and that have a small effect on the marketability of the original work. Please note: none of the factors above is conclusive and the weight given to each one varies from case to case.

For complete information on Copyright please visit the U.S. Copyright Office website.

For copyright information about print reserves, see Print Reserves Copyright Guidelines.